The Classification of Alcoholics PMC

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAA) studied alcoholics and how they differ. Each subtype is unique and offers a bit more insight into alcohol abuse. The benefit of a person being in this category is that their addiction is evident and disturbing enough for them to seek help. Two-thirds of the people who come under this subtype end up seeking to treat for their alcohol addiction.

Many young adult alcoholics are likely college students who are away from home for the first time, and who are surrounded by a culture that promotes and encourages excessive social drinking. Nearly 32 percent of alcoholics fall into the young adult category, making it the most prevalent subtype in the U.S. The typical young adult alcoholic is about 25 and started drinking at age 19 or 20. Men outnumber women 2.5 times to 1 in this category, and they tend to be single.

Addiction Treatment Programs

Unlike Type 1 alcoholism, however, the severity of alcohol abuse in those with Type 2 alcoholism doesn’t change over time. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers. The young adult subtype is the most prevalent subtype, making up 31.5% of people who are alcohol dependent. The average age of dependent young adults is almost 25 years old, and they first became dependent at an average age of around 20 years old.

what types of people are alcoholics

When treatment is sought after it tends to be more affordable options like detox and AA groups. As this review has outlined, throughout the past 150 years, researchers and clinicians have developed numerous typological classifications of alcoholism. These classifications have distinguished alcoholism subtypes based on a multitude of defining characteristics, including drinking patterns, consequences of drinking, personality characteristics, and coexisting psychiatric disorders.

What Increases the Risk for Alcohol Use Disorder?

Some people are chronic drinkers and have experienced negative effects in their life, relationships and careers. Others drinking habits lead to high-risk behaviours like binge drinking, whilst some are better at hiding it. About 77 percent of chronic severe alcoholics have family members with alcohol dependency. Of the five types of alcoholics discovered in the study, they have the lowest education levels and employment rates of all. They are also likely to be regular smokers and use other substances, including marijuana, cocaine, and opioids. About half of functional alcoholics are married, 62 percent work full-time, and 26 percent have a college degree.

  • This subtype drinks less frequently than others but is very likely to engage in binge drinking when they do.
  • You are likely to engage in several forms of therapy, from individual to group therapy.
  • More members of this group have full-time jobs than any other, but their income level tends to be lower than the functional subtype.
  • Less than 10% of people in this subtype seek help for their addiction.
  • That said, the young antisocial subtype has the highest treatment percentage.
  • But identification also helps by letting people with alcohol use disorder AUD know that they are not alone, and that they have a serious health problem that requires a medical treatment plan.
  • Methyl alcohol, also known as methanol and wood alcohol, mainly finds use as an industrial solvent.

Around half suffer from clinical depression and an equal amount come from families with generational alcohol dependency. A minority, around 20%, reported having issues with dependence on marijuana or cocaine alongside alcohol. Around one quarter of those in this category seek help for their alcoholism. One such issue is that of a perceived need for professional help and recognition that a problem with alcohol exists. 5 types of alcoholics In 2013, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) reported that of those who needed treatment and didn’t receive it, approximately 95.5 percent didn’t feel they needed it. Moreover, as typologies based on single defining characteristics (e.g., gender or family history of alcoholism) have given way to multidimensional classification schemes, researchers for the first time have conducted replication studies.

Leave a Reply